Please provide a short (approximately 100 word) summary of the following github project readme file, including the purpose of the project, what problems it may be used to solve, and anything the author mentions that differentiates this project from others:Title: Jj: JSON Stream Editor Site: JSON Stream Editor JJ is a command line utility that provides a fast and simple way to retrieve or update values from JSON documents. It's powered by GJSON and SJSON under the hood. It's fast because it avoids parsing irrelevant sections of json, skipping over values that do not apply, and aborts as soon as the target value has been found or updated. Getting started Install Mac (Homebrew) brew install tidwall/jj/jj Build make Or download a pre-built binary for Linux, OSX, Windows, or FreeBSD. Usage ``` $ jj -h usage: jj [-v value] [-purOD] [-i infile] [-o outfile] keypath examples: jj keypath read value from stdin or: jj -i infile keypath read value from infile or: jj -v value keypath edit value or: jj -v value -o outfile keypath edit value and write to outfile options: -v value Edit JSON key path value -p Make json pretty, keypath is optional -u Make json ugly, keypath is optional -r Use raw values, otherwise types are auto-detected -n Do not output color or extra formatting -O Performance boost for value updates -D Delete the value at the specified key path -l Output array values on multiple lines -i infile Use input file instead of stdin -o outfile Use output file instead of stdout keypath JSON key path (like "name.last") ``` Examples Getting a value JJ uses a path syntax for finding values. Get a string: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj name.last Smith Get a block of JSON: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj name {"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"} Try to get a non-existent key: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj name.middle null Get the raw string value: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -r name.last "Smith" Get an array value by index: sh $ echo '{"friends":["Tom","Jane","Carol"]}' | jj friends.1 Jane JSON Lines There's support for JSON Lines using the .. path prefix. Which when specified, treats the multi-lined document as an array. For example: {"name": "Gilbert", "age": 61} {"name": "Alexa", "age": 34} {"name": "May", "age": 57} ..# >> 4 ..1 >> {"name": "Alexa", "age": 34} >> ["Gilbert","Alexa","May"] ..#[name="May"].age >> 57 Setting a value The path syntax for setting values has a couple of tiny differences than for getting values. The -v value option is auto-detected as a Number, Boolean, Null, or String. You can override the auto-detection and input raw JSON by including the -r option. This is useful for raw JSON blocks such as object, arrays, or premarshalled strings. Update a value: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -v Andy name.first {"name":{"first":"Andy","last":"Smith"}} Set a new value: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -v 46 age {"age":46,"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}} Set a new nested value: sh $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -v relax {"task":{"today":"relax"},"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}} Replace an array value by index: sh $ echo '{"friends":["Tom","Jane","Carol"]}' | jj -v Andy friends.1 {"friends":["Tom","Andy","Carol"]} Append an array: sh $ echo '{"friends":["Tom","Jane","Carol"]}' | jj -v Andy friends.-1 {"friends":["Tom","Andy","Carol","Andy"]} Set an array value that's past the bounds: sh $ echo '{"friends":["Tom","Jane","Carol"]}' | jj -v Andy friends.5 {"friends":["Tom","Andy","Carol",null,null,"Andy"]} Set a raw block of JSON: sh $ echo '{"name":"Carol"}' | jj -r -v '["Tom","Andy"]' friends {"friends":["Tom","Andy"],"name":"Carol"} Start new JSON document: sh $ echo '' | jj -v 'Sam' name.first {"name":{"first":"Sam"}} Deleting a value Delete a value: sh $ echo '{"age":46,"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -D age {"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}} Delete an array value by index: sh $ echo '{"friends":["Andy","Carol"]}' | jj -D friends.0 {"friends":["Carol"]} Delete last item in array: sh $ echo '{"friends":["Andy","Carol"]}' | jj -D friends.-1 {"friends":["Andy"]} Optimistically update a value The -O option can be used when the caller expects that a value at the specified keypath already exists. Using this option can speed up an operation by as much as 6x, but slow down as much as 20% when the value does not exist. For example: echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -v Tim -O name.first The -O tells jj that the name.first likely exists so try a fasttrack operation first. Pretty printing The -p flag will make the output json pretty. $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -p name { "first": "Tom", "last": "Smith" } Also the keypath is optional when the -p flag is specified, allowing for the entire json document to be made pretty. $ echo '{"name":{"first":"Tom","last":"Smith"}}' | jj -p { "name": { "first": "Tom", "last": "Smith" } } Ugly printing The -u flag will compress the json into the fewest characters possible by squashing newlines and spaces. Performance A quick comparison of jj to jq. The test json file is 180MB file of 206,560 city parcels in San Francisco. Tested on a 2015 Macbook Pro running jq 1.5 and jj 1.0.0 Get the lot number for the parcel at index 10000 jq: ```bash $ time cat citylots.json | jq -cM .features[10000].properties.LOT_NUM "091" real 0m5.486s user 0m4.870s sys 0m0.686s ``` jj: ```bash $ time cat citylots.json | jj -r "091" real 0m0.354s user 0m0.161s sys 0m0.321s ``` Update the lot number for the parcel at index 10000 jq: ```bash $ time cat citylots.json | jq -cM '.features[10000].properties.LOT_NUM="12A"' > /dev/null real 0m13.579s user 0m16.484s sys 0m1.310s ``` jj: ```bash $ time cat citylots.json | jj -O -v 12A > /dev/null real 0m0.431s user 0m0.201s sys 0m0.295s ``` Contact Josh Baker @tidwall License JJ source code is available under the MIT License.